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1948 AUTHOR SIGNED TEXT OF LECTURE DELIVERED IN LISBON BY INVENTOR OF FRONTAL LOBOTOMY--RECEIVED NOBEL FOLLOWING YEAR. 6 x 8 1/2 inch pamphlet in printed paper covers, glued binding, signed on free endpaper, 'Homage from Egas Moniz'. Small stain to edge of rear cover, otherwise unmarked and very good. ANTONIO CAETANO DE ABREU FREIRE EGAS MONIZ (1874 - 1955), known as Egas Moniz, was a Portuguese neurologist and the developer of cerebral angiography. He is regarded as one of the founders of modern psychosurgery, having developed the surgical procedure leucotomy-known better today as lobotomy-for which he became the first Portuguese national to receive a Nobel Prize in 1949 'for his discovery of the therapeutic value of leucotomy in certain psychoses.' In 1949, Moniz was shot by a patient, and subsequently used a wheelchair. He continued in private practice until 1955, when he died just as his procedure was falling into disrepute.