Proceedings of the XVth International Physiological Congress, Leningrad--Moscow, August 9th to 16th, 1935, in The Sechenov Journal of Physiology of the USSR, Vol. XXI, No. 5-6

By: Dionessov, S.M., Eisenberg, A.V. and Fedorov, L.N.

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RARE FIRST EDITION OF PROCEEDINGS OF HISTORIC 15TH INTERNATIONAL PHYSIOLOGICAL CONGRESS, LENINGRAD, IVAN PAVLOV PRESIDING. 10 1/2 inches tall hardcover, tan cloth binding, paper title labels to cover and spine, portrait frontis of Pavlov, and photographic plates of plenary speakers, including Pavlov and Cannon, and of the venues in Leningrad. Fine. From Peter J. Kuznick. Beyond the Laboratory 1987 (pp 153 ff): In late 1934, Cannon accepted Pavlov's invitation to deliver then in plenary address at the upcoming International Congress of Physiology scheduled for Moscow and Leningrad in July 1935. In preparation for this event, Cannon endeavored to ascertain the current state of Soviet science. Approximately 200 Americans joined 1,000other foreign scientists in attending the first major scientific congress ever to be held in the Soviet Union.35 the Soviet government cooperated with the scientists to make the congress a memorable occasion. Few, if any, international scientific congresses before or since could rival the grandeur and majesty of the Fifteenth International Congress of Physiology that met in Leningrad and Moscow, 9-16 August 1935. Nor could many rival the impact on those who attended. Two factors combined to enhance the experience. First of all, the foreign participants bristled with expectation. Having heard so much about the Soviet experiment, they were eager for the opportunity to judge for themselves. Second, the Soviet government placed no limits on what it was willing to do to present Soviet life in its most engaging light. Eighty-six-year-old Pavlov formally convened the congress the following morning in the recently renovated Uritzky Palace. Walter Cannon then delivered the key address of the plenary session, 'Some Implications of the Evidence for Chemical Transmissions of Nerve Impulses' Before beginning the more technical discussion of the knowledge of the mode of action of autonomic nerves on their effector organs, a topic that he believed strikingly illustrative of the 'international character of scientific endeavor,' Cannon first paid tribute to his friend Pavlov and then proceeded to paint an ominous picture of the international realities confronting physiologists. 'Nationalism has become violently intensified' he declared. 'The world-wide economic depression has greatly reduced the material support for scholarly efforts. . . . Creative investigators of high international repute have been degraded and subjected to privations. 'Physiologists, like other scientists,' he argued, 'need security, continuity, a favorable social environment, freedom of enquiry, leisure, international collaboration, and financial support if they are to continue serving as pathfinders and pioneers of an advancing civilization.' In elaborating on the meager financial support science had received internationally in recent years, he drew on a familiar theme. Four hundred eighty-five papers were presented, including 170 by Russians. In a welcome innovation, congress organizers provided each participant with a set of headphones through which he or she could hear the speech translated into any of the five official languages of the congress, thereby relieving the usual boredom of having to sit and listen to an address in a foreign language. IVAN PETROVICH PAVLOV (1849 – 1936) was a Russian physiologist known primarily for his work in classical conditioning. In 1870, he enrolled in the physics and mathematics department at the University of Saint Petersburg in order to study natural science. Pavlov won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1904, becoming the first Russian Nobel laureate. Pavlov's principles of classical conditioning have been found to operate across a variety of experimental and clinical settings, including educational classrooms. WALTER BRADFORD CANNON (1871 – 1945) was an American physiologist, professor and chairman of the Department of Physiology at Harvard Medical School. He coined the term fight or flight response, and he expanded on Claude Bernard's concept of homeostasis. He popularized his theories in his book The Wisdom of the Body, first published in 1932. His awards include: Fellowship of the Royal Society, Member of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, and Member of National Academy of Sciences, USSR.

Title: Proceedings of the XVth International Physiological Congress, Leningrad--Moscow, August 9th to 16th, 1935, in The Sechenov Journal of Physiology of the USSR, Vol. XXI, No. 5-6

Author Name: Dionessov, S.M., Eisenberg, A.V. and Fedorov, L.N.

Categories: Physiology, Russia, America,

Edition: First edition

Publisher: Moscow and Leningrad, State Biological and Medical Press: 1938

Item: 1.00 lbs

Seller ID: 318

Keywords: Russia America physiology history