Medical Inquiries and Observations

By: Rush Benjamin

Price: $1,200.00

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MAJOR WORK OF PHYSICIAN FOUNDING FATHER OF UNITED STATES: COPY OWNED BY NOTABLE PHYSICIANS OF EARLY REPUBLIC AND CIVIL WAR. 4 hardcover octavo volumes 8 3/4 inches tall, recent 1/2 leather bindings, spines with gilt leather labels, marbled boards, x,454;455;443;iv,405,[17 (Index), 1 (publisher's book list)] pp. small handstamps of institutional library to title page of each volume, no other marks; black ink signature of Henry Huntt to title page of each volume (including 'Washington' to vol. 3); blue ink signature of J. F. May to title page of each volume, with blue ink lines drawn through previous Huntt inscription. Old faint water stains to first and last pages of each volume, scattered light foxing and browning of pages, overall very good. Each volume protected by custom archival mylar cover. CONTENTS: VOLUME 1. An inquiry into the natural history of medicine among the Indians of North-America, and a comparative view of their diseases and remedies with those of civilized nations; An account of the climate of Pennsylvania, and its influence upon the human body; An account of the bilious remitting fever, as it appeared in Philadelphia in the summer and autumn of the year 1780; An account of the scarlatina anginosa, as it appeared in Philadelphia in the years 1783 and 1784; An inquiry into the cause and cure of the cholera infanturn; Observations on the cynanche trachealis; An account of the efficacy of blisters and bleeding, in the cure of obstinate intermitting fevers; An account of the disease occasioned by drinking cold water in warm weather, and the method of curing it; An account of the efficacy of common salt in the cure of hemoptysis; Thoughts on the cause and cure of pulmonary consumption; Observations upon worms in the alimentary canal and upon anthelmintic medicines; An account of the external use of arsenic in the cure of cancers; Observations on the tetanus; The result of observations made upon the diseases which occurred in the military hospitals of the United States, during the revolutionary war; An account of the influence of the military and political events of the American revolution upon the human body; An inquiry into the relation of taste and aliments to each other, and into the influence of this relation upon health and pleasure; The new method of inoculating for the small-pox; An inquiry into the effects of ardent spirits upon the human body and mind, with on account of the means of preventing, ond the remedies for curing them; Observations on the duties of a physician, and the methods of improving medicine; accommodated to the present state of society and manners in the United States; An inquiry into the causes and cure of sore Iegs; An account of the state of the body and mind in old with observations on its diseases and their remedies. VOLUME 2. An inquiry into the influence of physical causes upon the moral faculty; Observations upon the cause and cure of pulmonary consumption; Observations upon the symptoms and cure of dropsies; Inquiry into the cause and cure of the internal dropsy of the brain; Observations upon the nature and cure of the gout; Observations on the nature and cure of the hydrophobia; An account of the measles, as they appeared in Philadelphia in the spring of 1789; An account of the influenza, as it appeared in Philadelphia in the years 1790 and 1791; An inquiry into the cause of animal life. VOLUME 3. Outlines of a theory of fever; An account of the bilious yellow fever, as it appeared in Philadelphia in 1793; Account of the bilious yellow fever, as it appeared in Philadelphia in 1794; An account of sporadic cases of bilious yellow fever, as they appeared in Philadelphia in 1795 and 1796. VOLUME 4. Accounts of yellow fever in Philadelphia from 1797 to 1805; An inquiry into the various sources of the usual forms of the summer and autumnal disease in the United States, and the means of preventing them; Facts, intended to prove the yellow fever not to be contagious; Defence of blood-letting, as a remedy in certain diseases; An inquiry into the comparative states of medicine in Philadelphia, between the years 1760 and 1766, and 1805. CONTAINS 3 GARRISON-MORTON TITLES: No. 80 (1st edition, 1789-1793) Medical inquiries and observations. 2 vols. Rush was considered the ablest American clinician of his time. He was a friend of Benjamin Franklin and one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. His many writings are distinguished for their classical style; No. 5470, An account of the bilious remitting fever. In his Medical inquiries and observations, One of the first important accounts of dengue ('breakbone fever'). Rush described the Philadelphia outbreak of 1780 (included in Vol. 1); No. 5453, An account of the bilious remitting yellow fever, as it appeared in the city of Philadelphia in the year 1793. In his Medical inquiries and observations. Benjamin Rush was the most eminent figure in Philadelphia medicine in his day. His description of the yellow fever epidemic of 1793 is classic. He did magnificent work in treating the sick during the epidemic and in proposing measures to prevent a recurrence (included in Vol. 3). BENJAMIN RUSH (1746-1813) was a Founding Father of the United States, and a civic leader in Philadelphia, where he was a physician, politician, social reformer, educator and humanitarian, as well as the founder of Dickinson College. Rush attended the Continental Congress and signed the Declaration of Independence. He served as Surgeon General of the Continental Army, and became a professor of chemistry, medical theory, and clinical practice at the University of Pennsylvania. Rush was a leader of the American Enlightenment, and an enthusiastic supporter of the American Revolution. He was a leader in Pennsylvania's ratification of the Constitution in 1788. He was prominent in many reforms, especially in the areas of medicine and education. He opposed slavery, advocated free public schools, and sought improved education for women and a more enlightened penal system. As a leading physician, Rush had a major impact on the emerging medical profession. As an Enlightenment intellectual, he was committed to organizing all medical knowledge around explanatory theories, rather than rely on empirical methods. Rush argued that illness was the result of imbalances in the body's physical system and was caused by malfunctions in the brain. His approach prepared the way for later medical research, but Rush himself undertook none of it. He promoted public health by advocating clean environment and stressing the importance of personal and military hygiene. His study of mental disorder made him one of the founders of American psychiatry. During his career, he educated over 3000 medical students, and several of these established Rush Medical College (Chicago) in his honor after his death. In 1803, Thomas Jefferson sent Meriwether Lewis to Philadelphia to prepare for the Lewis and Clark Expedition under the tutelage of Rush, who taught Lewis about frontier illnesses and the performance of bloodletting. Rush provided the corps with a medical kit that included Turkish opium for nervousness, emetics to induce vomiting, medicinal wine, and Dr. Rush's Bilious Pills (laxatives containing more than 50% mercury). Though their efficacy is questionable, their high mercury content provided an excellent tracer by which archaeologists have been able to track the corps' actual route to the Pacific. HENRY HUNTT, M.D. (ca. 1782-1838) first practiced in Maryland, and received his first medical training from his uncle, Dr. Clement Smith, and in 1805 and 1806 attended a course of medical lectures at the University of Pennsylvania, but did not receive a degree. His subsequent success in practice, however, resulted in his being conferred an honorary M.D. by a number of American universities, along with memberships in several European institutions! He returned to Maryland to practice with his uncle, and he achieved particular success in the treatment of diseases of children. He moved to Washington in 1810, and as the most prominent physician in the city, he served as Hospital Surgeon in the War of 1812. He was appointed Surgeon General by President Andrew Jackson, but declined the offer, deferring to his colleague Dr. Thomas Lawson. Huntt served at the Burlington Hospital, Vermont, until the end of the war in 1815, when he returned to Washington. Huntt was physician to five presidents of the United States, limiting his practice to therapeutics rather than surgery. He acquired a reputation for the successful treatment of pneumonia, but contracted the disease, which led to his death despite treatment in the waters of the Red Sulphur Springs, Virginia. JOHN FREDERICK MAY, M.D. (1812-1891) was born in Washington, graduated in medicine from Columbian College (now George Washington University) in 1834, and completed his studies in Paris in 1837. He was professor of surgery at the University of Maryland at the age of 25, and returned to Columbian College in 1841, where he was professor of surgery until 1858. A prominent surgeon in Washington, May was summoned to the bedside of the dying Lincoln, probed the wound, and pronounced that nothing could be done to save the president's life. May was then called to examine the remains of John Wilkes Booth, Lincoln's assassin. Two years earlier, May had removed a fibroid tumor from the back of Wilkes' neck, leaving a prominent scar, which enabled May to make a positive identification.

Title: Medical Inquiries and Observations

Author Name: Rush Benjamin

Categories: General medicine, History, General medicine, America,

Edition: Second edition, revised and enlarged by the author

Publisher: Philadelphia, J. Conrad & Co.: 1805

Item: 1.00 lbs

Seller ID: 234

Keywords: cancer;cholera;climate;death;education;environment;fever;Garrison-Morton;history;medicine;psychiatry;research;society;surgery;war;fine binding