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1705 RARE FIRST EDITION OF EARLY ORTHOPEDIC TREATISE BY NOTED FRENCH SURGEON. 6 inches tall hardcover, 12mo, contemporary full leather binding, spine with raised bands, gilt red leather label, wear to cover edges, text unmarked, binding tight, very good. Woodcut page 64 depicting splint for broken arm. Contents include dislocations, fractures, and rickets. JEAN LOUIS PETIT (1674 – 1750) was a French surgeon and the inventor of a screw-type tourniquet. He became a member of the French Royal Academy of Sciences in 1715 and was named director of the French Royal Academy of Surgery by the king when it was created in 1731. He acquired great notoriety because of his skill and experience, thanks to his case reports of hemorrhage, lacrimal fistula and operation on the frenum, and for his treatise on bone diseases. GARRISON-MORTON No. 4300. Petit was the first director of the Académie de Chirurgie, Paris. He is particularly remembered for his work on bone diseases. He invented the screw tourniquet, gave the first account of osteomalacia, and was first to open the mastoid process.