Encyclopedie, Anatomie Plate XIII. Of the ear, after Duverney, Valsalva, Bidloo, & Ruisch; TOGETHER WITH Plate III No 2. The parietal bone in different states

By: Diderot, Denis and d'Alembert, Jean

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1762 TWO LARGE ANATOMIC ENGRAVINGS FROM FIRST EDITION OF DIDEROT'S ENCYCLOPEDIE - THE EAR, TEMPORAL AND PARIETAL BONES OF THE SKULL. Two original copper plate engravings on heavy paper, 9 1/4 x 15 1/4 inches (8 3/4 x 13 3/4 inches platemark), tiny hole lower corner of Plate IV No 2, not affecting image, both very good condition, in custom archival mylar cover; TOGETHER WITH photocopy of letterpress descriptive text (French language) pertaining to the engravings (letters on the anatomical figures are identified in the text). INTRODUCTION TO THE PLATES FOR ANATOMIE: Anatomy, that part of physics that provides knowledge of the human body, should appear with distinction in a Dictionary of the Sciences. It is primarily through the plates that it may be understood. Mr. Tarin, in charge of Anatomy, dedicated himself to finding those authors regarded as the best. His collection representing all of the parts of the human body, it would appear that he could not have done better to satisfy the Public than probing his sources with discernment, and extracting only the most desirable. HISTORY: Encyclopedie, ou dictionnaire raisonne des sciences, des arts et des metiers (Encyclopaedia, or a Systematic Dictionary of the Sciences, Arts, and Crafts) was a general encyclopedia published in France between 1751 and 1772, with later supplements, revised editions, and translations. It had many writers, known as the Encyclopedistes. It was edited by Denis Diderot and, until 1759, co-edited by Jean le Rond d'Alembert. The Encyclopedie is most famous for representing the thought of the Enlightenment. According to Denis Diderot in the article Encyclopedie, the Encyclopedie's aim was to change the way people think. He wanted to incorporate all of the world's knowledge into the Encyclopedie and hoped that the text could disseminate all this information to the public and future generations. The work consisted of 28 volumes, with 71,818 articles and 3,129 illustrations. The first seventeen volumes were published between 1751 and 1765; eleven volumes of plates were published between 1762 and 1772, with a print run of 4,250 copies. The engravings offered here are two of the original plates from this first (folio) edition, engraved (signed in the plate) by BENOIT-LOUIS PREVOST (c. 1735 - 1804), a prominent French engraver. The most well-known of his works is the 1765 frontispiece of the Encyclopedie, depicting Reason and Philosophy catching the sunbeams of Truth, engraved from Cochin's drawing of 1764. GUICHARD JOSEPH DUVERNEY (1648 - 1730) was a French anatomist. In 1676 he became a member of the Académie des sciences. He is considered by many to be the founder of scientific otology. He is remembered for his anatomical exhibitions at the Jardin du Roi, where in 1682, he was given a professorship. He realized the importance of the Eustachian tube and its role in adjusting air pressure in the tympanic cavity. ANTONIO MARIA VALSALVA (1666 – 1723), was an Italian anatomist born in Imola. He named the Eustachian tube and described its function and that of its muscle. He showed the connection between the mastoid cells and the tympanic cavity, and made observations on physiologic and pathologic processes of the ear. De aure humana tractatus (1704) contains a description of the Valsalva maneuver and patency test of the auditory tubes. GOVERT BIDLOO (1649 - 1713) was a Dutch Golden Age physician, anatomist, poet and playwright. In 1688 he became a lecturer of anatomical dissection in The Hague, and in 1690 he was appointed head of the national hospital service, a post he also held in England from 1692. In 1694 he became a professor of anatomy and medicine at the University of Leiden, a position he held until his death in 1713. In 1685 he published an anatomical atlas, Anatomia Hvmani Corporis, describing papillary ridges on the skin (fingerprints). This was one of the pioneering scientific observations which laid the foundation of forensic identification using fingerprints. FREDERIK RUYSCH (1638 - 1731) was a Dutch botanist and anatomist. He is known for developing techniques for preserving anatomical specimens, which he used to create dioramas or scenes incorporating human parts. His anatomical preparations included over 2,000 anatomical, pathological, zoological, and botanical specimens, which were preserved by either drying or embalming.

Title: Encyclopedie, Anatomie Plate XIII. Of the ear, after Duverney, Valsalva, Bidloo, & Ruisch; TOGETHER WITH Plate III No 2. The parietal bone in different states

Author Name: Diderot, Denis and d'Alembert, Jean

Categories: Medicine, Anatomy, France, Otolaryngology,

Edition: First edition

Publisher: Paris, Briasson: 1762

Seller ID: 989

Keywords: medicine; anatomy; plate; art; ear; facial nerve; skull; otolaryngology