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1762 LARGE ANATOMIC ENGRAVING FROM FIRST EDITION OF DIDEROT'S ENCYCLOPEDIE - THE ORGANS OF VOICE AND BREATH: LARYNX AND DIAPHRAGM. Original copper plate engraving on heavy paper, 9 1/4 x 15 1/4 inches (8 3/4 x 13 3/4 inches platemark), very good condition, in custom archival mylar cover; TOGETHER WITH photocopy of letterpress descriptive text (French language) pertaining to the engraving (letters on the anatomical figures are identified in the text). INTRODUCTION TO THE PLATES FOR ANATOMIE: Anatomy, that part of physics that provides knowledge of the human body, should appear with distinction in a Dictionary of the Sciences. It is primarily through the plates that it may be understood. Mr. Tarin, in charge of Anatomy, dedicated himself to finding those authors regarded as the best. His collection representing all of the parts of the human body, it would appear that he could not have done better to satisfy the Public than probing his sources with discernment, and extracting only the most desirable. HISTORY: Encyclopedie, ou dictionnaire raisonne des sciences, des arts et des metiers (Encyclopaedia, or a Systematic Dictionary of the Sciences, Arts, and Crafts) was a general encyclopedia published in France between 1751 and 1772, with later supplements, revised editions, and translations. It had many writers, known as the Encyclopedistes. It was edited by Denis Diderot and, until 1759, co-edited by Jean le Rond d'Alembert. The Encyclopedie is most famous for representing the thought of the Enlightenment. According to Denis Diderot in the article Encyclopedie, the Encyclopedie's aim was to change the way people think. He wanted to incorporate all of the world's knowledge into the Encyclopedie and hoped that the text could disseminate all this information to the public and future generations. The work consisted of 28 volumes, with 71,818 articles and 3,129 illustrations. The first seventeen volumes were published between 1751 and 1765; eleven volumes of plates were published between 1762 and 1772, with a print run of 4,250 copies. The engraving offered here is one of the original plates from this first (folio) edition, engraved (signed in the plate) by BERTRAND DEFEHRT (1723 - 1774), who engraved many of the art and anatomic plates of the Encyclopedie, as well as the plate depicting the tools and workshop of the copperplate engraver. The plate is based on engravings by Haller and Eustachi. ALBRECHT VON HALLER (1708 - 1777), a Swiss anatomist, physiologist, naturalist, encyclopedist, bibliographer and poet. He is often referred to as the father of modern physiology. In 1757, he conducted a famous series of experiments to distinguish between nerve impulses and muscular contractions. The quantity of work achieved by Haller in the seventeen years during which he occupied his Gottingen professorship was immense. Apart from the ordinary work of his classes, which entailed the task of newly organizing a botanical garden, an anatomical theatre and museum, an obstetrical school, and similar institutions, he carried on without interruption original investigations in botany and physiology, the results of which are preserved in the numerous works associated with his name. BARTOLOMEO EUSTACHI (ca. 1514 - 1574), was an Italian anatomist and a contemporary of Vesalius, with whom he shares the reputation of having created the science of human anatomy. He is known as a supporter of Galen and extended the knowledge of the internal ear by rediscovering and describing correctly the tube that bears his name. He is the first who described the internal and anterior muscles of the malleus and the stapedius, and the complicated figure of the cochlea. His greatest work, which he was unable to publish, is his Anatomical Engravings. These were completed in 1552, nine years after Vesalius was published. First published in 1714 by Giovanni Maria Lancisi at the expense of Pope Clement XI, and again in 1744 by Cajetan Petrioli, and again in 1744 by Bernhard Siegfried Albinus, the engravings show that Eustachius had dissected with the greatest care and diligence, and taken the utmost pains to give just views of the shape, size, and relative position of the organs of the human body. The fact that his book became a bestseller more than a century after his death shows the extent of the religious restrictions on anatomists all through the Renaissance. GUICHARD JOSEPH DUVERNEY (1648 - 1730) was a French anatomist. In 1676 he became a member of the Academie des sciences. He is considered by many to be the founder of scientific otology. He is remembered for his anatomical exhibitions at the Jardin du Roi, where in 1682, he was given a professorship. He realized the importance of the Eustachian tube and its role in adjusting air pressure in the tympanic cavity.
Title: Encyclopedie, Anatomie Plate VII. The diaphragm after Haller, & the larynx after Haller, Eustachius & Duverney
Edition: First edition
Publisher: Paris, Briasson: 1762
Item: 1.00 lbs
Seller ID: 980
Keywords: medicine; anatomy; plate; art; diaphragm; larynx; human; otolaryngology